Ladybird Beetles: As Bio Security Force

by Ponnusamy, N et al

ISBN: 9789390259632
View Ebook
Imprint : Daya Publishing House
Year : 2021
Price : Rs. 4295.00
Biblio : xi+108p., 4 colour plates

Author Profile

Ponnusamy N. graduated from the Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Periyakulam with first class. He obtained his M.Sc. (Ag) in Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Cooch Behar, West Bengal. For his Post graduate studies, he got National Talent Scholarship (NTS) from ICAR. At presently, he is pursuing his Ph.D in Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar. He attended several international and national conferences as well as workshops. Nagendra Kumar is working as Assistant Professor-cum-Scientist in AICRP on MAP & Betel vine, Department of Entomology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar since 2010. Now, he is perusing Ph.D (In-service) at UBKV, Pundibari, Cooch Behar (W.B). He has qualified ICAR NET. He obtained M.Sc.(Ag.) and B.Sc.(Ag.) in Entomology & Agril. Zoology from BHU, Varanasi in 2000 and 2002, respectively. He actively involved in research, teaching and extension. He published 14 research papers in National and International Journals, 6 book chapters and more than 15 popular article. He honored with best teacher award in 2017 and Young Scientist award in 2017 & 18. He is also editorial board member of International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences and International Journal of Zoology and Animal Biology (IZAB). Anil Kumar is presently working as Assistant Professor-cum-Scientist at SRI, Department of Entomology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar. He did his B.Sc.(Ag.) and M.Sc.(Ag.) in Entomology and Agril. Zoology at BHU, Varanasi (U.P.) with first class during 2002 and 2004, respectively. Now, he is perusing Ph.D at UBKV, Pundibari, Cooch Behar (W.B). He has qualified ICAR NET and SRF. He joined as Assistant Professor-cum-Scientist (Entomology) at July 2007. He has more than 30 research article and more than 15 popular articles to his credit and also has many book chapters in different aspect. He has got best teacher award 2017 by Society for Upliftment of Rural Economy and young scientist award 2018 by Agro - Environmental Development Society.

About The Book

This book deals with the significance of predatory coccinellids in pests control. It consists morphology, life cycle, taxonomy and distribution, mating and reproduction, communication, prey specificity, predatory guilds, conservation techniques, mass culturing and natural enemies of coccinellids. This book will be useful for students, teachers and farmers.

Table of Contents

Preface v 1. Introduction 1 History of Coccinellid Biological Control – Etimology of Coccinellid – Role of Coccinellid in Biological Control – Human Connections – Ecosystem Connections. 2. General Morphological Characters of Ladybird Beetle 5 Head – Thorax – Wings – Legs – Abdomen – Genetalia – Male Genetalia – Female Genetalia. 3. Life Cycle of Coccinellids 11 Egg – Grub – Pupa. 4. Mating and Reproduction 15 Mating – Reproduction – Age, Aging, and Rhythmicity. 5. Classification and Ladybird Species Distribution in South and East Asia 19 History of Coccinellid Classification – Sticholotidinae – Chilocorinae – Scymninae – Coccinellinae – Epilachninae – Ladybird Species (Only Predators) Distribution Around the World. 6. Nature of Ladybird Beetle 55 Reflex Bleeding – Behaviour and Communication – Range of Coloring – Ladybird Beetle Spots Warn Potential Predators – Cannibalistic Nature. 7. Semiochemicals and Ladybird Beetles 59 Kairomones Driven Foraging – Oviposition Deterring Pheromones. 8. Prey Specificity of Coccinellids 61 Rodalia cardinalis against Icerya purchasi – Diomus hennesseyi and Hyperaspis notate against Phenococcus manihoti – Hippodamia convergens against Schizaphis graminum – Cryptolaemus motrouzieri against Mealy Bug – Cryptognathanodiceps sp. against Aspidiotus destructor – Rhyzobius lophanthae against Diaspidinae Scale – Chilocorus circumdatus against Citrus Snow Scale, Unaspis citri – Chilocorus bipustulatus against Armoured Scale Insects – Chilocorus nigritus against Variety of Armoured Scales – Aphidecta obliterate against Balsam Woolly Adelgid – Cheilomenes sexmaculata , Coccinella transversalis, C. septumpuntata, against Aphids – Sasjisscymnus tsugae against Adelgis tsugae – Mite Feeders (Acarophages) – Mychophagy – Feeding on Plants – Alternative Food. 9. Ladybird Beetles in Predatory Guilds 67 Isolation of the Guild Members – Ladybirds in the Guild – Interaction within Ladybirds – Interaction with Other Predators. 10. Important Coccinellid Predators in different Ecosystems 71 Rice – Wheat – Maize – Sorghum – Mustard – Cowpea – Green Gram – Safflower – Groundnut – Soybean – Cotton – Bhendi – Lucerne – Mulberry – Cabbage – Chilli – Bitter Gourd – Brinjal – Tea. 11. Ladybird Beetle as a Biocontrol Agent 77 Types of Biological Control – Use of Ladybirds in Biological Control – Manipulative Biological Control – Augmentative Biological Control – Life Stages for Release – Selection of Source Material for Augmentation – Classical or Inoculative Biological Control. 12. Conservation of Ladybird Beetles 81 Rearing and Release Methods – Habitat Management – Strip-Harvesting – Floral Diversity – Intercropping – Reduced Tillage – Alternative or Supplementary Food – Use of Herbivore-Induced Plant Volatiles – Hibernation Refuges – Selective Use of Pesticides – Future Directions. 13. Mass Culturing of Ladybird Beetles 89 The Mass Production for Practical Use – Mass Production of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri. 14. Enemies of Ladybird Beetles 93 Enemies of Coccinellids – Anti-Predators Defence – Predators of Coccinellids – Parasitoids of Coccinellids – Parasitoids of different Subfamilies of Coccinellidae – Parasitism in different Development Stages of Coccinellids – Hymenopteran Parasitoids of Phytophagous Coccinellids – Hymenopteran Parasitoids of Entomophagous Coccinellids – Microbial Parasites – Parasitic Fungi – Bacteria. 15. Authors Identified Coccinellids in India 99 References 101 Index 105 Colour Plate 109