Dairy Farming in Mountain Areas

by Vir Singh, Babita Bohra

ISBN: 9789383129140
View Ebook
Imprint : Daya Publishing House
Year : 2021
Price : Rs. 7495.00
Biblio : xix+191p., tabls., bib., ind., 23 cm

About The Book

Dairy Farming is one of the key economic activities livestock-dependent farming communities in the mountain areas depend upon. Dairy farming involves natural resource base-forests/rangelands, croplands, livestock breeding-feeding, breeding, health management, marketing and consumption of the products. This book presents wonderful synthesis of the smallholders resource management in the mountains. Smallholders constitute the majority of the mountain communities. Their strategies of resource management this book portrays provide the interesting matter the institutions might like to know about before they being with the interventions into dairy farming. Mountain areas are altogether distinguishable from those of the mainstream plain areas. And so are their production systems. Peri-urban areas in the region constitute the high-pressure areas. Dairy farming in these areas is essentially market-oriented. The book especially characterizes the smallholder dairy farms in the vicinity of urban milk consuming centres. These scenarios are different from those in the remote areas. Smallholder dairy farming has enormous potential. It can contribute to family income, generate gainful employment especially for women, elevate living standards of the producers, fight malnutrition especially amongst children and enhance processes of sustainable agriculture. Crop-livestock-forest/rangeland integrity is a key factor to the sustainability of mountain livelihoods. Augmentation of dairy farming systems leads to the enhanced performance of the overall production system. The book finally discusses perspective based approaches to operationalise sustainability in the mountains. The book, in essence, is a landmark publication in the area of sustainable mountain development. India is the leading milk producer in the world today, which is largely thanks to the smallholders’ contributions. Dairy development could be one of the key areas to help the country to occupy centre stage in the on-going rapid globalisation processes. This book is an humble attempt to further advance towards this direction.

Table of Contents

Contents Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: Dairy Development in the Plants: A Review, Livestock in the mixed farming systems, Development interventions through plans, Some case studies, Summary; Chapter 3: Dairy Development Indicators, Mountain specificities, Dairy indicators, Types of dairy farms, Management, Dairy species, Dairy breeds, Marketable products, Use of inputs, Scale of production, Location/site, Production traits/individual performance indicators, Summary; Chapter 4: Livestock Population, Composition and Dynamics, Population, livestock in diverse agroecological zones, Livestock in a village, Livestock holding, Summary; Chapter 5: Feeds and Feeding Management, Why uncultivated fodder? Response to fragility, Biodiversity, Ecological niche, Higher productivity, Comparative nutritive value, Year-round fodder supplies, Resilience, Compatibility, Topographic suitability, Energy efficiency, Multiple benefits, Man-animal symbiosis, Environmental safety, Phenology of fodder plants, Contributions of different resources, Nutritive value, Feeding management, Summary; Chapter 6: Dairy Breeds and Breeding Management, Breeds in Indian Central Himalayas, Ponwar, Jwalapuri, Crossbreds, Hill breeds, Buffalo breeds, The conventional breeding management, Lessons learned, Some arguments for and against, Alternate husbandry practices, Summary; Chapter 7: Health Management, Main diseases, Effect of diseases, Health services and policies, The Ethno-vet system, Summary; Chapter 8: Milk Production, Marketing and Consumption Pattern, Trends in milk production, Seasonal variation, Milk marketing system, State dairy cooperative federations, Milk marketing channels, Producer-consumer channel, Producer-trader-consumer channel, Producer-cooperative-consumer channel, Milk marketing scenarios, Consumption pattern of dairy products, Consumption pattern in urban areas, Consumption pattern in rural areas, Summary; Chapter 9: Constraints to Dairy Farming in the HKH Region, Physical constraints, Biological constraints, Management-related constraints, Socioeconomic and institutional constraints, Summary; Chapter 10: Livestock in High Pressure Peri-urban Areas: A Case of the Central Himalayas, The setting and the methodology, Marketing of milk, Marketed surplus of milk, Sample analysis, Results and discussion, Demographic features, Landholding size, Livestock population and composition, Livestock holding, Livestock breeds, Milk production of peri-urban dairy farms; Per capita milk availability, Marketing of milk, Marketable surplus of milk, Determinants of marketable surplus of milk, Flow of milk through different marketing channels, Consumption pattern of dairy products, Fodder calendar, Feeds and their quality, Gender contribution to dairy production, Summary; Chapter 11: Potentials of Smallholder Dairy Farming and Approaches to Sustainability, Livestock and natural resource base, Existing potentialities, Natural resource management, Afforestation, Protection, Increasi