Megadiversity Conservation: Flora, Fauna and Medicinal Plants of India'S Hot Spots

by Sarkar, D D & A B Chaudhuri

ISBN: 9789351300618
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Imprint : Daya Publishing House
Year : 2021
Price : Rs. 10995.00
Biblio : xx+300p., figs., maps, tabls., bib., ind., 23 cm

About The Book

Megadiversity is a much less discussed subject than biodiversity of the present day in India in the fields of flora and fauna. This term and another term ‘Hot Spots’ have recently been used by World Bank and other World bodies for species diversity and endemism in the World’s selected few rich floral and faunal zones. Two spots identified as ‘Megadiversity’ and ‘Hot Spots’ in India are North-eastern Himalayas and Western Ghat. But India as whole has been marked a megadiversity area. 11 other megadiversity zones are Mexico, Peru, Colombia, Equador, Brazil, Zaire, Madagascar, China, Indonesia, Australia and Malaysia. Indian people of today are not yet very much conscious and concerned about biodiversity loss and degradation of entire ecosystem. The authors have brought into the sphere of discussions the corelation of the terms megadiversity (biodiversity) with conservation, sustainability ecodevelopment and ‘Protected Area’ concerning the north-eastern Indian states. They have also collated various definitions, concepts and values of Megadiversity (biodiversity) and presented them in charts and critical notes to make the subject perceptible to common readers. To highlight the megadiversity (biodiversity) rich resources and loss due to biotic impacts the authors have chosen the floral groups, medicinal plants and faunal groups of birds, fish, mammals, reptiles, lizards and amphibia for analysis on a broad base. In support to their findings they have adequate data, charts to nullify the much bloated other floal and faunal resources. As the conservation need is urgent in the face of depletion India needs a well designed strategy to protect these resources. During the exercise the authors have referred to the Herculian efforts of the Government of India how on war footing they have been trying to save these resources from depletion. Hope this work will open up new vista on the status of our resources of flora and fauna, their present threats and action plan for conservation.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements Foreword Preface Maps Tables Megadiversity, Hot Spots Resources—A Glimpse Introduction — Concept of Megadiversity and Hot spots 1. Megadiversity Hot Spots Vis-a-Vis Biodiversity (Indian Panorama) 2. Biodiversity Concepts in the Context of Megadiversity Hot Spots 2.1 : Megadiversity Conservation Concept 2.2 : Megadiversity Conservation and Protected Areas 2.3 : Megadiversity Conservation, Sustainability and Ecosystem Processes are Correlated 2.4 : Megadiversity and Sustainable Development 2.5 : Conceptual Framework for Sustainability Study and Megadiversity Conservation 2.6 : Megadiversity Conservation – Issues, Indicators and Sustainability Status 2.7 : Megadiversity Conservation – Initiative, Lacunae, Vision, Strategy and Action Plan 2.8 : Megadiversity Study – Authors’ Experience 2.9 : Action Plan by Government of India 3. Severe Threats to Megadiversity – Hot Spots Conversation 3.1 : General 3.2 : Human Population Pressure 3.3 : Drought and Flood 3.4 : Livestock Population 3.5 : Recession of Forest Cover 3.6 : Severe Drought vis-à-vis Forest Resources 3.7 : Fuelwood and Industrial Wood Situation 3.8 : Poverty and Forest Linkages 3.9 : Shifting Cultivation vis-à-vis Biodiversity Loss 4. Floral – Megadiversity Hot Spots Resources of North Eastern India 4.1 : Forest Types and Floral-Faunal Bonanza 4.2 : Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests 4.3 : Sub-tropical and Temperate Forests 4.4 : Observation on Cryptogamic Flora 4.4.1 : Algal Biodiversity 4.4.2 : Fungal Biodiversity 4.4.3 : Lichens Biodiversity 4.4.4 : Liversworts Biodiversity 4.4.5 : Mosses Biodiversity 4.5 : Megadiversity of Flora in the States Meghalaya – Manipur – Assam – Nagaland – Tripura – Mizoram – Arunachal Pradesh – Sikkim – Other parts of India 5. Faunal – Megadiversity Hot Spots Resources of North Eastern India 5.1 : Mammals 5.2 : Elephants in Megadiversity Hot Spots Areas 5.3 : Tigers in Megadiversity Hot Spots Areas 5.4 : Non-Human Primates 5.5 : Amphibian Megadiversity 5.6 : Reptilian Megadiversity : Turtles and Tortoises 5.7 : Megadiversity of Lizards 5.8 : Megadiversity of Reptiles (Snakes) 5.9 : Megadiversity of Ichthyofauna 5.10 : Megadiversity of Ornithofauna 6. Megadiversity of Medicinal Plants in Hot Spots Areas 6.1 : Status of Medicinal Plants 6.2 : Indian Medicinal Plants Face a Crisis 6.3 : Ayurveda – An Indian System 6.4 : Some Habitat Specific Medicinal Plants of India 6.5 : Medicinal Plant Trees – Quantitative Studies 6.6 : Miscellaneous Relevant Information 7. Miscellaneous 7.1 : Endemism 7.2 : Water-bodies of North eastern India 7.3 : Megadiversity among Ethnic people 7.4 : Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 Bibliography Maps Index