Rangeland Ecosystems in the Himalayan Mountains

by Vir Singh, R D Gaur

ISBN: 9789351300359
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Imprint : Daya Publishing House
Year : 2021
Price : Rs. 10495.00
Biblio : xviii+285p., plts., figs., tabls., ind., 23 cm

Author Profile

Dr. Vir Singh is Professor, Environmental Sciences, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, (Uttarakhand).<br/>Dr. R.D. Gaur formerly Emeritus Fellow (UGC) and Dean Faculty of Science, HNB Garhwal University, (Uttarakhand).

About The Book

Rangelands occcur almost everywhere on land’ surface of the Earth. In total, they cover about a quarter of the Earth’surface. According to some estimates, 70 per cent of the world’s total and area serves as rangelands. In the Himalayan areas, they occupy quite an appreciable proportion of the geographical area, ranging from some 60 to more than 80 per cent. Despite this dominance of the range ecosystems on Earth, they remain relatively less understood and grossly neglected in the policy framework and development interventions. Negligence of the largest chunk of Earh’s terrestrial ecosystems cost the whole planet.Dismal state of rangelands in the fragile and poverty ridden Himalaya is of grave concern. The present book is an attempt to bring to the fore the many facets of the Himalayan rangelands and to resolve the critical issues relating to their mangament. Rangelands, Croplands and livestock in the Himalayan mountains are integrated with considerable nutrient flows within a single functionl unit, the agro-ecosystem.Amongst these, rangelands serve as a storehouse of nutrients.The Himalayan rangelands are a rich natural repository of nature’s biodiversity.Their ecological role is critical to the very ecological integrity of the agro-ecosystems in the fragile mountains.’’Ecological and ‘’economic’’issues are inseparable.The economy emanates from the ecosystems.The largest ecosystems- the rangelands-are the most crucial once from the ecological integrity and,hence, from the economic point of view. Livelihoods of the masses in the Himalayan mountains are rooted in their rangeland ecosystems.Mountains communities,in essence,are the livestock-dependent communties and rangelands harbour a number of species of varying fodder values.The book presents taxonomis,ecological ethnobotanical and economic account of a variety of a variety of plants prospering in the mountain rangeland ecosystems A variety of wild fauna present in the range ecosystems has also been presented. Chemical composition of prominent foddet species has been presented Farmers’ traditional strategies of rangeland mangement have also been discussed in detail. The book also elabrotaes on the various natural and anthroopogenic factors and the constraints in range mangement. The Presents, book will prove to be a useful tool for the students, teachers, researcher, social scientists,natural resource mangement experts, economists, and policy makers particularly interested in the Himalayan mountains and for all those committed to the cause of the Earth.

Table of Contents

Contents Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: Rangeland in Retrospect; The Rangeland, Diversisty of Fodder Species, Main Fodder Resoursed, Range-based Livestock Production, Chemical Composition of Range Fodders , Factors Inducing Range Degradation, Improvement of Rangelands; Chapter 3: Fodder Diversity and Ethnobotany; The Uttarakhand Himalaya, Field Survey,Plant Collection,Preservation and Maintenance, Diversity of Fodder Species, Fodder Species in High Altitude and Alpine Zones, Ethnobotancal Values of fodder species; Chapter 4: Wildige in Range Ecosystems; Fauna of the Indian Himalaya, Fauna of the Uttarakhand Himalaya, Endemism and Extinction Wildlife Habitat Conservation; Chapter 5: Utilisation Pattern of Some Important Fodder Resources; Commons and Private Property Resources of Fodder, Conreiburion of Different Feed Sources, Seasonal Availability; Chapter 6: Herbaceous Cover in Range Ecosystems; Frequency, Density, Abundance, Importance Valur Index (ivi), An Analysis of the Herbaceous Species, Herbage Productivity; Chapter 7: Determination of Dry Matter , Determination of Crude Protein, Determination of Ether Extracts, Determination of Crude Fibre, Determination of Total Ash Determination of Orgganic Matter, Determination of Acid Insoluble Ash, Determination of Nitrogen-free Extracts, Determination of Neutral Detergent Fibre, Determination OF Acid Detergent fiber, Determination of Hemicelluloses, Determination of Hemicelluloses, Determination of Dry Matter Digestibility, Statistical Analysis, Chemical Analysis of Fodders, Dry Matter Digestibility; Chapter 8: Rangelands,Ecological Integrity and Sustainability; Rangeland-Livestock-Farming Linkages, Rangeland Utilisatub for Lllige-support Avtivities, Nutrient Flows, Ecological Integrity and Sustainability; Chapter 9: Traditionl Management of Rang Resources; Site-Specific Management, Integrating Range and Livestock Management, Ethnovet medicine, Grazing Management, Grass Harvesting, Grass Distribution, Livestock Feeding, Fodder Preservation; Chapter 10: Natural and Anthropogenic Factor Operating on Mountain Rangelands; Natural Factors, Anthroopogenic Factors; Chapter 11: Constraintys in Range Management; Misconceptions about Pastoralism, The least Understood Ecosystems, Erroneous Biodiversity Management, Inappropriate Pastoral Polilcies