Light Trap: An Eco-Friendly IPM Tool

by SM Vaishampayan, Sanjay Vaishampayan

ISBN: 9789351241041
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Imprint : Daya Publishing House
Year : 2021
Price : Rs. 6495.00
Biblio : xvii+162p., figs., col.plts., tabls., ind., 25 cm

Author Profile

S.M. Vaishampayan, Retired in 2001 as Professor and Head, Department of Entomology, J. N. Agricultural University, Jabalpur. Obtained Ph.D. degree in Entomology in 1973 from the University of Illinois, U.S.A. Ph.D. thesis was related to visual and spectral specific responses of green house whitefly. In 1973 itself a systematic work was started on light trap studies at Jabalpur (M.P.). Work continued for more than 25 years till retirement in 2001, completing three research projects on light trap studies funded by ICAR, New Delhi. Technology was developed to use light traps as Pest Management tool more efficiently with improvement in trap designs and light sources etc. Served as member of ICAR Scientific Panel of Entomology 1984-87. During the period 1978-80 he served as Forest Entomologist in Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, stationed at Jabalpur. Salient work included supervision of aerial spraying operations in teak forests, control of white grubs in teak nursery, work on Sal heartwood borer in outbreak years in the forest of Mandla and Amarkantak (M.P.). Returned back to J.N.K.V.V. in 1980 as Professor of Entomology and served as Head of Department for a period of 18 years. More than 75 research papers and review articles published. Research work continued after 10 years of retirement and developed new designs of light trap for MV and UV light sources in collaboration with Fine Trap (India). Sanjay Vaishampayan joined J.N.K.V.V. Jabalpur in 1995 as Training Associate (Entomology) in Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Selected as Programme Coordinator K.V.K. in 2006. Recently posted as Senior Scientist (Entomology) at Directorate of Extension Services, J.N.K.V.V. Jabalpur. Obtained M.Sc.(Ag) degree in Entomology in 1989 from J.N.K.V.V. with gold medal and Ph.D. degree in Entomology in 1993 from Institute of Agricultural Sciences, B.H.U. Varanasi with first position in the subject. Ph. D. thesis work was on migration behavior of three lepidopterous pest species (Heliothis armigera, Agrotis ipsilon and Plusia orichalcea) analyzing light trap catches. Earlier, during 1994-95, worked at I.A.R.I. Regional Station, Karnal. Published 20 research papers in journals of repute and more than 120 technical bulletins in KVK.

About The Book

The book covers information on some theoretical aspects related to working of light trap like organs of insect vision and orientation towards light source, electromagnetic radiation, spectrum visible/attractive to insects, characteristics of electric lamps used, factors affecting trap catches and identification of migratory phases based on analysis of light trap catches etc. Practical aspects include principles and practice of light trap operation, trap designs and light sources to be used and study of seasonal activity and direct control of pest population using light traps. Last chapter covers extensive reviews of field trials and experimental work conducted on survey and control of some economic species of crop pests. The manuscript is supplemented in the end with a list of references cited in the text along with selected references on light trap studies for consultation to all the concerned. The main objective of this book is to revive interest among the scientists, research scholars and students in using this novel technique of pest control and make it more popular among the farmers through research and extension work. We hope this book would serve as a reference/text book, meeting the essential requirements for advanced course ‘Light trap as IPM tool’.

Table of Contents

Foreword v Preface vii <br/> List of Figures xiii <br/> List of Tables xv <br/> 1. Introduction 1 <br/> 2. Early History of Light Trap 6 <br/> 3. Structure and Functioning of Organs of Insect Vision 12 <br/> 4. Physical Aspects of Electromagnetic Radiation, Light and Colour 20 <br/> 5. Visual Response and Spectrum Attractive to Insects 24 <br/> 6. Electric Lamps Used in Light Trap 30 <br/> 7. Factors Affecting Light Trap Catches 38 <br/> 8. Principles and Practice of Light Trap Operation 46 <br/> 9. General Types of Electric Insect Traps 67 <br/> 10. Role of Light Trap in Study of Insect Migration 78 <br/> 11. Field Studies on Survey and Control of Economic Species 91 <br/> References 123 Index 155